The town of Tavarnelle is recorded for the first time in a document from 780, where it is mentioned under the name of Tabernulae. Its ancient origins are also proven by the numerous Roman remains discovered in the vicinity of the Church of San Pietro in Bossolo.
The town developed as the merging of three mediaeval villages: Tavarnelle and Borghetto, situated along the route that linked Florence to the Via Francigena, and Mocale, on a road leading from the Roman road to the castles of Pogni and Marcialla and the Via Volterra. The village had a hospice at the monastery of Borghetto, erected in the first half of the 13th century, and several inns.
In the countryside around Tavarnelle, we find Morrocco with its parish church of Santa Maria, an extensively remodelled 15-century building. It contains an Annunciation by Andrea della Robbia, fragments of frescoes dating from the 15th century and a bust of the founder of the church, Niccolò di Giovanni Sernigi, attributed to Luca della Robbia. Other works formerly kept here are now housed in Museum of Religious Art at the parish church of San Pietro in Bossolo.