The origins of Bagno a Ripoli are very ancient, dating from before the foundation of Florence (originally called Florentia) in A.D. 59, as confirmed by a milestone engraved with the words “Community Boundary Line” in Etruscan.
The village was later conquered by the Romans, who named it Quartum, situated as it was four miles from Florence.
It acquired the name “Bagno” (bath) at a later time, due to its growing importance as a thermal centre, and “Ripulae”, meaning “banks”, after the completion of hydraulic works carried out to keep the Arno from flooding so that the land could be extensively cultivated.
In the 3rd century A.D., Bagno a Ripoli became an important trading center, due to its location near major routes of communication.
Nearly a thousand later the Municipality became the main centre of the Ripoli League, a federation of country towns that also included the villages of Remole and Antella.
Reclamation work done in the 15th century favoured agricultural development and economic prosperity still further, while the Florentine aristocracy and bourgeoisie began to build summer homes in the area.