Niccolò Machiavelli, Secretary of the Florentine Republic from 1498 to 1512, is one of the most important figures of the Italian Renaissance. He was an erudite, eclectic writer who focused mainly on politics, regarded for the first time as an independent discipline.
The house at Saint Andrea in Percussina, in the hamlet of San Casciano, was owned by Machiavelli’s family, in addition to other properties.
He retired here after being exiled from Florence in 1512. The farm, including the Albergaccio inn, is described in one of his most famous letters, addressed to his friend Francesco Vettori and dated December 10, 1513.
In the letter he tells how he spends his days, managing his property during the day and playing tric-track at the inn in the evening, with the host and a butcher. At night he retired to his library, reading the classic works from which he drew inspiration for a rapidly written treatise, “De Principatibus”, or “The Prince”, the work that made him famous.
After his death the house passed on to his heirs, eventually becoming the property of the Serristori, a noble Florentine family. It now belongs to the Italian Wine Group, which has some fine vineyard here, and has restored the house. The villa with its splendid wine cellars is open to visitors, who can traverse an underground passageway leading to the inn described by Machiavelli, whose unique atmosphere has remained unchanged over the centuries.